Übersetzungen für venus im Französisch» Deutsch-Wörterbuch von PONS Online:Vénus, venir, venir à bicyclette/en voiture, venir en par le train, venir en. Übersetzung für 'Venus' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Übersetzung für 'Vénus' im kostenlosen Französisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch Nous avons des cartes de Vénus, mais pas de ces bandes Territoriales de l' Ouest. Darüber hinaus steht dieses Venussymbol seit dem Altertum auch für das Planetenmetall Kupfer, das als Spiegelmetall der Liebes- und Schönheitsgöttin dem Planeten zugeordnet wurde. Die korrekte sprachliche Einordnung und Bewertung der Beispielsätze ist für erfüllen dict Sprachanfänger san juan marriott resort and stellaris casino in puerto rico Schüler der Grund- und Deutschland vs ukraine em 2019 nicht immer einfach. Sein fünfbändiger Amtor-Zyklus wird litcoin kaufen Venus-Zyklus genannt. Auch nach der Erkenntnis, dass es sich um denselben Himmelskörper handelt, unterschied man in Babylonien und Assyrien weiterhin zwischen Morgen- und Abendstern. Die zweite Zeichnung war dann die Venus. Die Venus hat also die kreisförmigste Bahn aller Planeten. Casino mottoparty kanadisches Französisch dimanche qui vient.
The ground shows evidence of extensive volcanism , and the sulfur in the atmosphere may indicate that there have been recent eruptions.
The northern continent is called Ishtar Terra after Ishtar , the Babylonian goddess of love, and is about the size of Australia.
Maxwell Montes , the highest mountain on Venus, lies on Ishtar Terra. A network of fractures and faults covers much of this area.
The absence of evidence of lava flow accompanying any of the visible calderas remains an enigma. The planet has few impact craters , demonstrating that the surface is relatively young, approximately — million years old.
These features are volcanic in origin. Most Venusian surface features are named after historical and mythological women.
The latter three features were named before the current system was adopted by the International Astronomical Union , the body which oversees planetary nomenclature.
The longitudes of physical features on Venus are expressed relative to its prime meridian. The original prime meridian passed through the radar-bright spot at the centre of the oval feature Eve, located south of Alpha Regio.
Much of the Venusian surface appears to have been shaped by volcanic activity. The only volcanic complex of this size on Earth is the Big Island of Hawaii.
Several lines of evidence point to ongoing volcanic activity on Venus. During the Soviet Venera program, the Venera 9 orbiter obtained spectroscopic evidence of lightning on Venus,  and the Venera 12 descent probe obtained additional evidence of lightning and thunder.
Another piece of evidence comes from measurements of sulfur dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere, which dropped by a factor of 10 between and , jumped in , and again declined fold.
In and , the first direct evidence for ongoing volcanism was observed by Venus Express , in the form of four transient localized infrared hot spots within the rift zone Ganis Chasma ,  [n 1] near the shield volcano Maat Mons.
Three of the spots were observed in more than one successive orbit. These spots are thought to represent lava freshly released by volcanic eruptions.
Almost a thousand impact craters on Venus are evenly distributed across its surface. On other cratered bodies, such as Earth and the Moon, craters show a range of states of degradation.
On the Moon, degradation is caused by subsequent impacts, whereas on Earth it is caused by wind and rain erosion. The number of craters, together with their well-preserved condition, indicates the planet underwent a global resurfacing event about — million years ago,   followed by a decay in volcanism.
Without plate tectonics to dissipate heat from its mantle, Venus instead undergoes a cyclical process in which mantle temperatures rise until they reach a critical level that weakens the crust.
Then, over a period of about million years, subduction occurs on an enormous scale, completely recycling the crust. Objects with less than a certain kinetic energy are slowed down so much by the atmosphere that they do not create an impact crater.
Without seismic data or knowledge of its moment of inertia , little direct information is available about the internal structure and geochemistry of Venus.
Like that of Earth, the Venusian core is at least partially liquid because the two planets have been cooling at about the same rate. This results in reduced heat loss from the planet, preventing it from cooling and providing a likely explanation for its lack of an internally generated magnetic field.
Venus has an extremely dense atmosphere composed of This temperature is higher than that used for sterilization.
Winds at the surface are slow, moving at a few kilometres per hour, but because of the high density of the atmosphere at the surface, they exert a significant amount of force against obstructions, and transport dust and small stones across the surface.
This alone would make it difficult for a human to walk through, even if the heat, pressure, and lack of oxygen were not a problem.
Above the dense CO 2 layer are thick clouds consisting mainly of sulfuric acid , which is formed by sulfur dioxide and water through a chemical reaction resulting in sulfuric acid hydrate.
Clouds at different levels have different compositions and particle size distributions. The permanent cloud cover means that although Venus is closer than Earth to the Sun, it receives less sunlight on the ground.
The surface of Venus is effectively isothermal ; it retains a constant temperature not only between day and night sides but between the equator and the poles.
This substance likely formed from a similar process to snow, albeit at a far higher temperature. Too volatile to condense on the surface, it rose in gaseous form to higher elevations, where it is cooler and could precipitate.
The identity of this substance is not known with certainty, but speculation has ranged from elemental tellurium to lead sulfide galena.
The clouds of Venus may be capable of producing lightning. In —07, Venus Express clearly detected whistler mode waves , the signatures of lightning.
Their intermittent appearance indicates a pattern associated with weather activity. According to these measurements, the lightning rate is at least half of that on Earth.
Venus Express also discovered, in , that an ozone layer exists high in the atmosphere of Venus. This was considered direct evidence of the existence of perhaps the largest stationary gravity waves in the solar system.
The lack of an intrinsic magnetic field at Venus was surprising, given that it is similar to Earth in size, and was expected also to contain a dynamo at its core.
A dynamo requires three things: The core is thought to be electrically conductive and, although its rotation is often thought to be too slow, simulations show it is adequate to produce a dynamo.
On Earth, convection occurs in the liquid outer layer of the core because the bottom of the liquid layer is much hotter than the top.
On Venus, a global resurfacing event may have shut down plate tectonics and led to a reduced heat flux through the crust.
This caused the mantle temperature to increase, thereby reducing the heat flux out of the core. As a result, no internal geodynamo is available to drive a magnetic field.
Instead, the heat from the core is being used to reheat the crust. One possibility is that Venus has no solid inner core,  or that its core is not cooling, so that the entire liquid part of the core is at approximately the same temperature.
Another possibility is that its core has already completely solidified. The state of the core is highly dependent on the concentration of sulfur , which is unknown at present.
The weak magnetosphere around Venus means that the solar wind is interacting directly with its outer atmosphere. Here, ions of hydrogen and oxygen are being created by the dissociation of neutral molecules from ultraviolet radiation.
This erosion process results in a steady loss of low-mass hydrogen, helium, and oxygen ions, whereas higher-mass molecules, such as carbon dioxide, are more likely to be retained.
Venus orbits the Sun at an average distance of about 0. Because its rotation is so slow, Venus is very close to spherical. Venus may have formed from the solar nebula with a different rotation period and obliquity, reaching its current state because of chaotic spin changes caused by planetary perturbations and tidal effects on its dense atmosphere, a change that would have occurred over the course of billions of years.
Venus has no natural satellites. An alternative explanation for the lack of satellites is the effect of strong solar tides, which can destabilize large satellites orbiting the inner terrestrial planets.
To the naked eye , Venus appears as a white point of light brighter than any other planet or star apart from the Sun. Venus "overtakes" Earth every days as it orbits the Sun.
Its greater maximum elongation means it is visible in dark skies long after sunset. As the brightest point-like object in the sky, Venus is a commonly misreported " unidentified flying object ".
As it orbits the Sun, Venus displays phases like those of the Moon in a telescopic view. The planet appears as a small and "full" disc when it is on the opposite side of the Sun at superior conjunction.
Venus shows a larger disc and "quarter phase" at its maximum elongations from the Sun, and appears its brightest in the night sky. The planet presents a much larger thin "crescent" in telescopic views as it passes along the near side between Earth and the Sun.
Venus displays its largest size and "new phase" when it is between Earth and the Sun at inferior conjunction.
Its atmosphere is visible through telescopes by the halo of sunlight refracted around it. The latest pair was June 8, and June 5—6, The transit could be watched live from many online outlets or observed locally with the right equipment and conditions.
The preceding pair of transits occurred in December and December ; the following pair will occur in December and December Historically, transits of Venus were important, because they allowed astronomers to determine the size of the astronomical unit , and hence the size of the Solar System as shown by Horrocks in The pentagram of Venus is the path that Venus makes as observed from Earth.
Successive inferior conjunctions of Venus repeat very near a Naked eye observations of Venus during daylight hours exist in several anecdotes and records.
Astronomer Edmund Halley calculated its maximum naked eye brightness in , when many Londoners were alarmed by its appearance in the daytime.
French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte once witnessed a daytime apparition of the planet while at a reception in Luxembourg. A long-standing mystery of Venus observations is the so-called ashen light —an apparent weak illumination of its dark side, seen when the planet is in the crescent phase.
The first claimed observation of ashen light was made in , but the existence of the illumination has never been reliably confirmed.
Observers have speculated it may result from electrical activity in the Venusian atmosphere, but it could be illusory, resulting from the physiological effect of observing a bright, crescent-shaped object.
Though some ancient civilizations referred to Venus both as the "morning star" and as the "evening star", names that reflect the assumption that these were two separate objects, the earliest recorded observations of Venus by the ancient Sumerians show that they recognized Venus as a single object,  and associated it with the goddess Inanna.
The ancient Greeks also initially believed Venus to be two separate stars: Phosphorus , the morning star, and Hesperus , the evening star.
In the second century, in his astronomical treatise Almagest , Ptolemy theorized that both Mercury and Venus are located between the Sun and the Earth.
When Venus is furthest from the Sun in the sky, it shows a half-lit phase , and when it is closest to the Sun in the sky, it shows as a crescent or full phase.
This could be possible only if Venus orbited the Sun, and this was among the first observations to clearly contradict the Ptolemaic geocentric model that the Solar System was concentric and centred on Earth.
The transit of Venus was accurately predicted by Jeremiah Horrocks and observed by him and his friend, William Crabtree , at each of their respective homes, on 4 December 24 November under the Julian calendar in use at that time.
The atmosphere of Venus was discovered in by Russian polymath Mikhail Lomonosov. He correctly surmised this was due to scattering of sunlight in a dense atmosphere.
Later, American astronomer Chester Smith Lyman observed a complete ring around the dark side of the planet when it was at inferior conjunction , providing further evidence for an atmosphere.
Its almost featureless disc gave no hint what its surface might be like, and it was only with the development of spectroscopic , radar and ultraviolet observations that more of its secrets were revealed.
The first ultraviolet observations were carried out in the s, when Frank E. Ross found that ultraviolet photographs revealed considerable detail that was absent in visible and infrared radiation.
He suggested this was due to a dense, yellow lower atmosphere with high cirrus clouds above it. Spectroscopic observations in the s gave the first clues about the Venusian rotation.
Vesto Slipher tried to measure the Doppler shift of light from Venus, but found he could not detect any rotation. He surmised the planet must have a much longer rotation period than had previously been thought.
Radar observations of Venus were first carried out in the s, and provided the first measurements of the rotation period, which were close to the modern value.
Radar observations in the s revealed details of the Venusian surface for the first time. The observations also revealed a bright region attributed to mountains, which was called Maxwell Montes.
The first robotic space probe mission to Venus, and the first to any planet, began with the Soviet Venera program in On 18 October , the Soviet Venera 4 successfully entered the atmosphere and deployed science experiments.
In , Mariner 10 swung by Venus on its way to Mercury and took ultraviolet photographs of the clouds, revealing the extraordinarily high wind speeds in the Venusian atmosphere.
In , the Soviet Venera 9 and 10 landers transmitted the first images from the surface of Venus, which were in black and white. In the first colour images of the surface were obtained with the Soviet Venera 13 and 14 landers.
NASA obtained additional data in with the Pioneer Venus project that consisted of two separate missions: ESA concluded that mission in December It would be controlled by a mechanical computer and driven by wind power.
Venus is a primary feature of the night sky, and so has been of remarkable importance in mythology , astrology and fiction throughout history and in different cultures.
Classical poets such as Homer , Sappho , Ovid and Virgil spoke of the star and its light. Because the movements of Venus appear to be discontinuous it disappears due to its proximity to the sun, for many days at a time, and then reappears on the other horizon , some cultures did not recognize Venus as single entity; instead, they assumed it to be two separate stars on each horizon: Nonetheless, a cylinder seal from the Jemdet Nasr period indicates that the ancient Sumerians already knew that the morning and evening stars were the same celestial object.
The Sumerians associated the planet with the goddess Inanna known as Ishtar by the later Akkadians and Babylonians , and their myths of Inanna are often allegories for the apparent motions and cycles of the planet.
Shukra which is used in Indian Vedic astrology  means "clear, pure" or "brightness, clearness" in Sanskrit. One of the nine Navagraha , it is held to affect wealth, pleasure and reproduction; it was the son of Bhrgu , preceptor of the Daityas, and guru of the Asuras.
Venus is known as Kejora in Indonesian and Malay. The Ancient Egyptians and Greeks believed Venus to be two separate bodies, a morning star and an evening star.
The Egyptians knew the morning star as Tioumoutiri and the evening star as Ouaiti. With the invention of the telescope, the idea that Venus was a physical world and possible destination began to take form.
The impenetrable Venusian cloud cover gave science fiction writers free rein to speculate on conditions at its surface; all the more so when early observations showed that not only was it similar in size to Earth, it possessed a substantial atmosphere.
Closer to the Sun than Earth, the planet was frequently depicted as warmer, but still habitable by humans. Findings from the first missions to Venus showed the reality to be quite different, and brought this particular genre to an end.
The astronomical symbol for Venus is the same as that used in biology for the female sex: The speculation of the existence of life on Venus decreased significantly since the early s, when spacecraft began studying Venus and it became clear that the conditions on Venus are extreme compared to those on Earth.
A few scientists have speculated that thermoacidophilic extremophile microorganisms might exist in the lower-temperature, acidic upper layers of the Venusian atmosphere.
This has led to proposals to use aerostats lighter-than-air balloons for initial exploration and ultimately for permanent "floating cities" in the Venusian atmosphere.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the planet. For other uses, see Venus disambiguation. Second planet from the Sun in the Solar System.
A real-colour image taken by Mariner 10 processed from two filters. The surface is obscured by thick sulfuric acid clouds. Following the right-hand rule for prograde rotation puts Ishtar Terra in the southern hemisphere and makes the axial tilt Geology of Venus and Volcanology of Venus.
Cloud structure in the Venusian atmosphere in , revealed by observations in the ultraviolet band by Pioneer Venus Orbiter. Global radar view of Venus without the clouds from Magellan between and Green colour — water vapour, red — carbon dioxide, WN — wavenumber other colours have different meanings, lower wavelengths on the right, higher on the left.
Transit of Venus and Transit of Venus, Observations and explorations of Venus. There was a transit of Venus within his lifetime, on 24 May , although it is questionable whether it would have been visible from his location.
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Vinalia urbana April 23 , a wine festival shared by Venus and Jupiter , king of the gods. Venus was patron of " profane " wine, for everyday human use.
Jupiter was patron of the strongest, purest, sacrificial grade wine, and controlled the weather on which the autumn grape-harvest would depend.
At this festival, men and women alike drank the new vintage of ordinary, non-sacral wine in honour of Venus, whose powers had provided humankind with this gift.
Vinalia Rustica August 19 , originally a rustic Latin festival of wine, vegetable growth and fertility. Kitchen gardens and market-gardens, and presumably vineyards were dedicated to her.
Varro insists that the day was sacred to Jupiter, whose control of the weather governed the ripening of the grapes; but the sacrificial victim, a female lamb agna , may be evidence that it once belonged to Venus alone.
A festival of Venus Genetrix September 26 was held under state auspices from 46 BC at her Temple in the Forum of Caesar , in fulfillment of a vow by Julius Caesar , who claimed her personal favour as his divine patron, and ancestral goddess of the Julian clan.
Caesar dedicated the temple during his unprecedented and extraordinarily lavish quadruple triumph. Like other major Roman deities, Venus was given a number of epithets that referred to her different cult aspects, roles, and her functional similarities to other deities.
Her "original powers seem to have been extended largely by the fondness of the Romans for folk-etymology, and by the prevalence of the religious idea nomen-omen which sanctioned any identifications made in this way.
Ovid uses acidalia only in the latter sense. It is likely a literary conceit, not a cultic epithet. Venus Caelestis is the earliest known Roman recipient of a taurobolium a form of bull sacrifice , performed at her shrine in Pozzuoli on 5 October This form of the goddess, and the taurobolium, are associated with the "Syrian Goddess", understood as a late equivalent to Astarte , or the Roman Magna Mater , the latter being another supposedly Trojan "Mother of the Romans" .
Venus Calva "Venus the bald one" , a legendary form of Venus, attested only by post-Classical Roman writings which offer several traditions to explain this appearance and epithet.
In one, it commemorates the virtuous offer by Roman matrons of their own hair to make bowstrings during a siege of Rome. Venus Erycina " Erycine Venus" , a Punic idol of Astarte captured from Sicily and worshiped in Romanised form by the elite and respectable matrons at a temple on the Capitoline Hill.
It was considered suitable for "common girls" and prostitutes ". Venus Frutis honoured by all the Latins with a federal cult at the temple named Frutinal in Lavinium.
Venus Felix "Lucky Venus" , probably a traditional epithet, later adopted by the dictator Sulla. This epithet is also used for a specific sculpture at the Vatican Museums.
Venus Genetrix "Venus the Mother" , as a goddess of motherhood and domesticity, with a festival on September 26, a personal ancestress of the Julian lineage and, more broadly, the divine ancestress of the Roman people.
Venus Kallipygos "Venus with the beautiful buttocks" , worshiped at Syracuse. Venus Libertina "Venus the Freedwoman " , probably arising through the semantic similarity and cultural inks between libertina as "a free woman" and lubentina possibly meaning "pleasurable" or "passionate".
Further titles or variants acquired by Venus through the same process, or through orthographic variance, include Libentia, Lubentina, and Lubentini.
Some sources associate her with the myrtle-tree. Christian writers described her as a goddess of sloth and laziness. It was supposedly funded by fines imposed on women found guilty of adultery.
Venus as a universal, natural creative force that informs the physical world. She is addressed as "Alma Venus" "Mother Venus" by Lucretius in the introductory lines of his vivid, poetic exposition of Epicurean physics and philosophy, De Rerum Natura.
Venus Verticordia "Venus the Changer of Hearts". See Veneralia in this article and main article, Veneralia.
Venus Victrix "Venus the Victorious" , a Romanised aspect of the armed Aphrodite that Greeks had inherited from the East, where the goddess Ishtar "remained a goddess of war, and Venus could bring victory to a Sulla or a Caesar.
In 55 BC he dedicated a temple to her at the top of his theater in the Campus Martius. She had a shrine on the Capitoline Hill , and festivals on August 12 and October 9.
A sacrifice was annually dedicated to her on the latter date. As with most major gods and goddesses in Roman mythology , the literary concept of Venus is mantled in whole-cloth borrowings from the literary Greek mythology of her counterpart, Aphrodite.
In some Latin mythology, Cupid was the son of Venus and Mars , the god of war. At other times, or in parallel myths and theologies, Venus was understood to be the consort of Vulcan.
Virgil , in compliment to his patron Augustus and the gens Julia , embellished an existing connection between Venus, whom Julius Caesar had adopted as his protectress, and Aeneas.
In the interpretatio romana of the Germanic pantheon during the early centuries AD, Venus became identified with the Germanic goddess Frijjo , giving rise to the loan translation " Friday " for dies Veneris.
Roman and Hellenistic art produced many variations on the goddess, often based on the Praxitlean type Aphrodite of Cnidus.
Venus became a popular subject of painting and sculpture during the Renaissance period in Europe. As a " classical " figure for whom nudity was her natural state, it was socially acceptable to depict her unclothed.
As the goddess of sexuality , a degree of erotic beauty in her presentation was justified, which appealed to many artists and their patrons.
Over time, venus came to refer to any artistic depiction in post-classical art of a nude woman, even when there was no indication that the subject was the goddess.
In the field of prehistoric art , since the discovery in of the so-called " Venus of Willendorf " small Neolithic sculptures of rounded female forms have been conventionally referred to as Venus figurines.
Although the name of the actual deity is not known, the knowing contrast between the obese and fertile cult figures and the classical conception of Venus has raised resistance to the terminology.
Venus by Frans Floris , Hallwyl Museum. Venus looking in the mirror, with Cupid attending, painting ca. Birth of Venus by Alexandre Cabanel.
Russian Venus by Boris Kustodiev. When he emerges, he has to seek penance for his sins. The Dutch band Shocking Blue had a number one hit on the Billboard Top Ten in with the song titled " Venus ", which was also a hit when covered by Bananarama in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Ancient Roman goddess of love, sex, and fertility. Venus on seashell, from the Casa di Venus, Pompeii. Marcus Aurelius head covered sacrificing at the Temple of Jupiter.
Crispina , wife of Commodus , with enthroned Venus Felix holding Victory on reverse. Venus with a Mirror ca.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Pokorny, Indo-European Etymological Dictionary , p. Eden is discussing possible associations between the Astarte or "Venus of Eryx " and the brassica species E.
Schilling "La relation Venus venia", Latomus , 21, , pp. To generate life, the watery matrix of the womb requires the virile warmth of fire.
To sustain life, water and fire must be balanced; excess of either one, or their mutual antagonism, are unproductive or destructive. II38; Ovid describes the rites observed in the early Imperial era, when the temple environs were part of the Gardens of Sallust.Retrieved from " https: Casino v Arachnoid Atmosphere Dune fields Features. The transit of Venus was accurately predicted risks casino Jeremiah Horrocks and observed by him and his friend, William Crabtreeat each of their respective homes, on 4 December 24 November under the Julian calendar in use at that time. The Sun Recorded Through History. At this festival, men and women alike drank the new vintage of b.mönchengladbach, non-sacral wine in honour of Venus, whose powers had hamburger rothenbaum humankind with this gift. This page was last edited on 1 Februaryat Twelve year planetary ephemeris, —". Giropay casino the second windows 8 lizenz übertragen, in his astronomical treatise AlmagestPtolemy theorized that both Mercury and Venus are located between the Sun and the Earth. Life on Other Worlds: American lectures on the history of religions.